Open, Semi-Open, Closed Adoption

Types of Adoption in Arizona When You Place Baby for Adoption

A common curiosity when searching for pregnancy help is “types of adoption”. What does that mean? What is Open Adoption, Semi-Open Adoption, and/or Closed Adoption? Adoption Choices of Arizona is here to help explore the different types of adoption in regards to communication between birth parents and adoptive families.


What is Open Adoption?

Open adoption is when the birth parents and the adoptive family have contact. Open adoptions allow the birth parents to remain in contact with the child and the adoptive family before, during, and after the adoption process. The extent of the contact is up to the parties involved and agreed upon during the adoption process.

In Arizona, there is no standardized definition of an open adoption. The law allows birth parents and adoptive parents to agree to a written, legally-binding contract the outlines how communication between the two families will work.

Communication is key when it comes to open adoption. This communication may include phone calls, video calls, emails, letters, and/or in-person visits. Often, the level of openness develops and changes throughout the adoption process and post-placement.

The advantages of an open adoption include:
  • The adoptive parents will have more information about the birth parents
  • The adoptive parents may be able to be more open with the child about his or her biological family
  • The child will be able to have contact with the birth parents later in life


What is Closed Adoption?

Closed adoptions are when there is no contact or information shared between the birth parents and the adoptive family. Closed implies confidentiality, and adoptions done with a third party may withhold and seal information related to the birth parents and adoptive parents. When a birth parent agrees to a closed adoption, they no longer have a right to communicate with their child or the adoptive parents.

The advantages of a closed adoption include:
  • The adoptive parents are not required to allow communication with the birth parents
  • The adoptive parents may not worry about the potential intrusiveness of birth parents


What is Semi-Open Adoption?

Semi-open adoption in Arizona is another option that would be a good choices for a birth parent who wants to hear about her child during his or her upbringing, but does not want a direct relationship with that child. A semi-open adoption allows for a birth mother to keep her life separate from her child’s new life, and for her to have a specific level of privacy when it comes to her adoption decision.

In a semi-open adoption, an adoption agency mediates the relationship between the birth mother and the adoptive parents. A birth mother may still exchange letters and pictures, but those will be sent through the adoption agency without revealing personal information.

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Private Adoption Arizona

Choosing to place baby for adoption is a deeply personal and courageous decision. As a birth mother considering private adoption in Arizona, it’s crucial to have access to accurate information and support. The following information aims to provide you with essential knowledge about private adoption in Arizona, empowering you to make an informed decision for yourself and your child.

Private Adoption Does not Mean Closed Adoption

Private adoption in Arizona refers to the process by which a birth mother voluntarily places baby for adoption with adoptive parents of her choice, with the involvement of an adoption agency. It does not mean that the adoption itself is closed. Adoption is always a confidential process with Adoption Choices of Arizona but unless you want a closed adoption, open adoption is a type of adoption in private adoption.

Working with a private adoption agency means the birth mother can take an active role in the process. She can select and get to know the prospective adoptive parents. This allows her to have more control and involvement in the adoption process, as she can personally assess the potential adoptive parents and make decisions based on her preferences and values. She also makes decisions about the birth plan and what resources will be available for her.

Private adoption refers to the involvement of an agency or attorney in assisting with the adoption process. It does not determine whether the adoption will be closed, open, or semi-open, as that decision depends on the preferences and agreements made by the birth parents and adoptive families involved.

Arizona Adoption Agencies

When you choose a private adoption in Arizona you are taking control of your situation. You get to make decisions for your adoption plan. These might include:

Housing and Transportation for Adoption

Financial Assistance for Adoption

and the Types of Adoption




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